The masonry. CONSTRUCTIONS IN
ALBAĐILERIA. Structural Set: This composing by: Lying of foundations.
Lifting Wall. Ceilings. Reinforcing weaponless when it is necessary. Laying of
foundations: It is the structural part of the building, ordered to transmit the
loads to the land, which is the only element that we cannot choose, reason why
the laying of foundations we will make it based on the same one. At the same
time this is not everything to the same depth reason why that will be another
reason that influences to us in the decision of the election of the suitable
laying of foundations.
The layings of foundations are classified:
- Superficial Layings of foundations
- Deep Layings of foundations
- Special Layings of foundations
The laying of foundations for the lifting walls must be of concrete. The
laying of foundations must transmit the load of the walls to the land according
to the permissible effort on this one and with establishments differentials that
do not originate splits in the masonry.
Lifting Wall. Wall designed and constructed in form so that it can transmit
horizontal loadings and/or vertical of a level at the inferior level and/or the
laying of foundations. - They could be seated solid or hollow units with mortars
with lime or without lime. - The minimum weight will be: Reinforced masonry: t =
h/26. Masonry no reinforced: t = h/20 t: thickness of the wall; h: effective
Ceilings: Horizontal element that this in the superior part of a
construction that serves as protection. They will be formed by light stoneware
when they act the as to distribute to the horizontal forces proportion to the
rigidity of the walls. If the diaphragm action is not fulfilled in ceilings of
wood, steel or remanufacture, the horizontal distributions of forces will become
in proportion to their tributary area.
Confined masonry: They are joint of horizontal and vertical reinforcing
weaponless, whose function is the one to provide ductibilidad to a lifting wall.
The exigencies are: - In seismic zones: 1y 2 confined like minimum any wall that
takes 10% of the seismic force and a set of walls that take 70% of total the
seismic force, including within this the perimetrals walls of closing, and in
zone 3 confined as minimum the perimetrals walls of closing. - Its four sides
frame that by horizontal and vertical elements. (Regulation of construction of